What You Need to Know About Acne

Among the most pestering skin problems experienced by adolescents and adults is acne. This skin condition occurs as the pores in the skin are blocked by sebum or dirt, and appears either as blackheads, whiteheads, pustules or nodules.

 Acne is a common skin problem among adolescents. With the raging hormones of boys and girls during this stage, acne is a very common outcome. About eighty five percent of today’s teenagers experience this skin problem. However, this problem may persist as a person enters adulthood. Adult acne are often advised to be diagnosed by a dermatologist as this skin condition may be caused by something else other than hormonal imbalance.

Acne does not only appear on the face. It can also be found on the chest, shoulders, upper arms, and commonly on the back. There are different types of acne. Whiteheads and blackheads are the most common forms.  Whiteheads are easily identifiable as they appear as small white specks on the skin. Some whiteheads are too small to for the naked eye to spot. Whiteheads are formed from the collection of oil and bacteria on the surface of the skin.

 Another type of acne is the blackhead with its evident black pigmentation. Unlike whiteheads that emerge as closed comedons, blackheads transpire from open skin pores wherein oil and dirt are trapped. These oxidize in the pore, eventually becoming black due to the melanin content of oil.  It is quite difficult to get rid of both whiteheads and blackheads. They cannot just be washed away. Blackheads contain oxidized sebum that very gradually deplete along the skin surface.

Some other types of acne are papule and pustule. These types are considerable more apparent than whiteheads and blackheads. Papules appear as inflamed spots on the skin caused by a rupture in the follicular wall in the skin. When this happens, white blood cells charge to the surface causing inflammation of the pores along the rupture.  A pastule is generally a papule at a more advanced stage. As the white blood cells dash towards the skin surface, the pores affected continue to inflame and sore, forming a protruding pimple, as how it is commonly referred.

 Today, various treatments have been developed to treat acne and acne scars. This skin problem has become more tolerable with the easy availability of medications and treatments for different levels of acne condition. Knowing the type of acne is very crucial in determining the appropriate treatment.  Here is one product that has some very high reviews. I have not personally used it but people seem to like it

 

 

Share

Causes Of Acne Explained

Are you prone to acne?  Have you always wondered what the causes of acne are? Have you always wanted to know what you can do in order to address this problem?  This article will explain the various causes of acne.  Use this as a guide to see what you can probably do in order to avoid the formation of more acne or better yet, to finally put an end to your acne woes.

What you first need to do is that there are several types of acne. These include cysts, pimples, whiteheads and blackheads.  These types of acne vulgaris or acne develop when your skin pores become clogged. Usually, the causes of clogging are dust, grime and too much oil on your skin.

Speaking of oil, did you know that our skin contains oil called sebum? When too much sebum is produced (this happens when our hormones increase or surge), our skin pores get clogged. Now this is the time when not only are people prone to acne but in the case of females, they get skin breakouts before their monthly periods and in the case of teenagers, they get pimples.  This is also why there are certain facial products meant for oily skin.

As previously mentioned, a blackhead is a type of acne. The causes of acne when it comes to blackheads in particular also has something to do with sebum and dead skin cells. You see, when dead skin cells clog the skin pore, the surface of the skin remains open. This is when the formation of a blackhead starts to happen. A black color starts to form on the surface of the open pore.

Now in terms of whiteheads, which is another type of acne, the formation of these also have something to do with dead skin cells, pore clogs and too much sebum. However, instead of having an “open comedo” (for blackheads), a whitehead starts to form because of “closed comedo.”

One of the more commonly known causes of acne is the presence of too many sebaceous glands.  Once these glands produce sebum, the excess oil clogs more pores.  As a result, more bacteria (called P. acnes) is produced and more acne develops. Yes, the more bacteria, the more excess oil, the more acne.  As more and more bacteria surrounds the inflamed skin, the more reddish the acne looks and the more swollen and hot it feels.

Share